Morphology 6 - Today Morphology V Inflection Other...

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1 Morphology V November 9, 2011 Today… Inflection Other morphological processes Annoucements Midterm tutorials next week: Nov. 14 th : 1pm – 2:20, Education South 129 Nov. 15 th : 11am – 12:20, Education North 2 115 Remember: No class on Friday! Recap Inflectional affixes Number English: one/more than one; more than one marked with plural -s two way distinction This distinction is not found in all languages (as an inflectional affix) Or, languages may be more specific Number Nancowry (India) – number is not marked on nouns sak n ɔ t ʔ in tsi ʔə j spear pig the we “We speared the pig(s)”
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2 Number Inuktitut (Canada) – three way contrast: singular, dual (two and only two), and plural (more than two) iglu ‘a house’ igluk ‘two houses’ iglut ‘three or more houses’ Recap: Inflection vs. Derivation Recap: Inflection vs. Derivation Derivation: encodes lexical meaning can occur inside other derivations often changes part of speech alters the meaning can be semantically opaque is often restricted in its productivity Inflection: encodes grammatical categories occurs outside derivation does not change part of speech is rarely semantically opaque is fully productive Approaching Morphology Problems How do you identify morphemes in an unfamiliar language? They key: Identify recurring strings of sounds and match them with recurring meanings Approaching Morphology Problems How to identify morphemes in an unfamiliar language Turkish: /mumlar/ candles /toplar/ guns /adamlar/ men /kitaplar/ books What string of sounds keeps occurring? What meaning keeps occurring? Approaching Morphology Problems How to identify morphemes in an unfamiliar language Turkish: /mum lar / candle s /top lar / gun s /adam lar / m e n ** irregular English plural /kitap lar / book s Note: In an actual “short answer” problem/dataset, there will be more words (possibly in sentences)
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3 Approaching Morphology Problems How to identify morphemes in an unfamiliar language /mum lar
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Morphology 6 - Today Morphology V Inflection Other...

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