Phonology II0 - Today Phonology II Phonemes Allophones...

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1 Phonology II October 17, 2011 Today… Allophonic Rules Minimal Pairs Recap Phonology Problem of variation in speech Contrastive segments Accent Examples Orkney English: http://www.scottishcorpus.ac.uk/corpus/searc h/document.php?documentid=1411 Shetland: http://www.scottishcorpus.ac.uk/corpus/searc h/document.php?documentid=1414 http://www.scottishcorpus.ac.uk/corpus/search/ document.php?documentid=1471 Contrastive segments Textbook: Segments are said to contrast when their presence alone may distinguish forms with different meanings from each other (e.g., [s] and [z] in sip and zip ). They are not predictable When segments (sounds) contrast, they are phonemes. Phoneme the smallest meaning-distinguishing speech sound in the abstract representation of the sounds of a language One of the basic distinctive speech sounds of a language Phonemes are not predictable! No rules apply!
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Phonology II0 - Today Phonology II Phonemes Allophones...

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