Phonology III - Today Midterms Phonology III Minimal Pairs...

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1 Phonology III October 19, 2011 Today… Midterms Minimal Pairs Complementary Distribution Writing rules Questions about the Midterm? Office hours are Wednesday from 12:20 – 1:30. Recap Contrastive vs. predictable [p] /p/ [p h ] Phoneme } Allophones Minimal Pairs Minimal pair: Words that differ by just one sound that also differ in meaning Example: c ar – b ar – f ar – j ar If you can find a minimal pair, then you have found two phonemes – the two sounds that are responsible for the change in meaning.
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2 Minimal Pairs c ar – b ar – f ar – j ar Is star a minimal pair? No! – There are two sounds. Minimal Pairs E.g., Finnish [kate] ‘cover’ [kade] ‘envious’ [kate] and [kade] differ in meaning, and are identical except for one phoneme. /t/ and /d/ are phonemes, because they contrast with each other. The distinction is phonemic . Minimal Pairs Find minimal pairs contrasting the following pairs of morphemes: Free variation Finnish [s] and [z]
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Phonology III - Today Midterms Phonology III Minimal Pairs...

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