Phonology V - Today Phonology V Terminology review Phonetic...

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1 Phonology V October 24, 2011 Today… Terminology review Phonetic processes revisited (Phonotactics) Phonemes & Allophones: Terminology Review Phoneme: Textbook: the phonological unit into which predictable variants of non-contrastive segments are grouped (e.g., in English, [p] and [p h ] belong to the phoneme /p/). The smallest meaning-distinguishing speech sound in the abstract representation of the sounds of a language One of the basic distinctive speech sounds of a language If two sounds are distinct in a language, the difference between them can distinguish words They belong to separate phonemes They contrast & are in contrast Phonemes & Allophones: Terminology Review Allophone: variants of a phoneme usually in complementary distribution and phonetically similar. Or: phonetic variant of a phoneme If sounds are nondistinct: They are allophones of the same phoneme They do not contrast
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Phonology V - Today Phonology V Terminology review Phonetic...

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