Phonology VI - Today Phonology VI Phonetic processes...

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1 Phonology VI October 26, 2011 Today… Phonetic processes revisited Phonotactics The syllable Recap Ended last class with another look at phonetic processes How phonetic variability relates to allophony Raising/Lowering A vowel can raise or lower in contact with other sounds Classic example: Canadian Raising ‘about the house’ sounds like ‘aboot the hoose’ to some listeners Raising/Lowering Compare: loud [lawd] lout [l ʌ wt] eyes [ajz] ice [ ʌ js] tribe [t ɹ ajb] tripe [t ɹʌ jp] live [lajv] life [l ʌ jf] ride [ ɹ ajd] write [ ɹʌ jt] Raising/Lowering Canadian English: the diphthongs [aj] and [aw] are raised before voiceless obstruents (e.g., p, t, k, s, f) the [a] is raised to [ ʌ ] before these segments
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2 Raising/Lowering Auditory examples: http://www.yorku.ca/twainweb/troberts/raising.h tml Comparison Canadian English: writer/rider are distinct (if using a flap, e.g., in fast speech) Many American dialects: homophones Dissimilation The opposite of assimilation. Two sounds that are similar become less alike. E.g., English fifths Many speakers change [f θ s] to [fts], breaking up the sequence of three fricatives with a stop. This example: /
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Phonology VI - Today Phonology VI Phonetic processes...

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