Phonology VII - Today Phonology VII & Morphology I...

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1 Phonology VII & Morphology I October 28, 2011 Today… (Introducing Morphology) Recap Phonotactics Set of constraints on how sequences of segments pattern in a language Some phonotactic constraints are on the elements that can come at the beginning or end of a syllable E.g., *lbub Constraint on the cluster [lb] at the beginning of a word/syllable But [lb] can occur later… as in bulb Syllable Structure The Syllable Phonological unit bigger than segment (Recall: a “segment” is a single sound) do : one syllable (CV) dog : one syllable (CVC) puppy : two syllables (CVCV) Syllable Structure Syllables are often considered the phonological "building blocks" of words All languages have syllables
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2 Syllable Structure We use the symbol σ for syllable Each syllable has at least one component (the “core” of the syllable) Typically a vowel – but sonorant consonants can sometimes also fill this role (e.g., /l/) This “core” is called the nucleus (N) It is obligatory in all languages Syllable Structure Segments may also occur before & after the Nucleus Segment(s) occurring before the nucleus make up the onset (O) Segment(s) occurring after the nucleus make up the coda (Co) The nucleus and the coda together make up the rhyme (R) . Syllable Structure
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Phonology VII - Today Phonology VII & Morphology I...

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