syntax 2 - Today Syntax II Structure (phrase, clause,...

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Syntax II November 21, 2011 Today… Structure (phrase, clause, sentence) Valency Recap Last class… How to determine lexical categories Meaning Morphology Syntactic distribution Determining Lexical Categories: Morphology Adjectives in English Take the comparative inflection -er (more) and superlative inflection -est (most) full full er full est quick quick er quick est Determining Lexical Categories: Morphology To keep in mind: Morphology can sometimes be irregular some nouns have irregular plurals (men, oxen) some verbs have irregular past tenses (had, taught; suppletive went); some verbs also have past tenses that look the same as present tense (put, set) Determining Lexical Categories: Syntactic Distribution Distribution refers to the position a word takes with respect to other words in the phrase or same sentence. John saw _________ a) the girl. b) the puppy. c) *runs. d) *had a drink. e) the accident. f) the children with the puppy.
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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syntax 2 - Today Syntax II Structure (phrase, clause,...

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