syntax 3 - Today Midterms Syntax III Grammatical...

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1 Syntax III November 23, 2011 Today… Midterms Grammatical relations (cont.) (Thematic/semantic roles) Recap Last class… Phrase structure (e.g., NP, det + N) Clause structure (subject + verb) Sentence structure (1 or more clauses) Average: 73% Percentages: 55/61 = 90% 50/61 = 82% 45/61 = 74% 40/61 = 66% 35/61 = 57% Allophones or phonemes? t ʧ _ #_a: #_u a:_# #_i #_a #_ ɨ #_o: #_o These are all high vowels These are allophones /t/ [ ʧ ]/(#)__ V [+high] Valency (clause-as-atom metaphor) Predicate Argument 1 Argument 2 The number of arguments a predicate takes is its valency; think chemistry & atomic structure
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2 Subject The central (or only) argument In an intransitive clause, the subject is the only argument Isabel slept Martin snores Night fell The bunny hopped … then that happened! Direct Object (O)
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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syntax 3 - Today Midterms Syntax III Grammatical...

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