syntax 6 - Today Syntax VI Argument Structure Phrases Recap...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Syntax VI November 30, 2011 Today… Argument Structure Phrases Recap Last class… Grammatical Voice Argument Structure Syntactically speaking, arguments are phrases Recall: phrases are strings of words that form a single unit (and that can function as a single unit) Noun Phrase (NP), Prepositional Phrase (PP), Adjective Phrase (AdjP), Adverbial Phrase (AdvP), Verb Phrase (VP) Recall: English oblique objects are always prepositional phrases …but not all prepositional phrases are oblique objects. Clarifying: which prepositional phrases are arguments? 1. I gave a letter to Santa Claus. 2. I told a joke to Santa Claus. 3. We fed cashews to the platypus. 4. We brought food to the platypus.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 These prepositional phrases ARE arguments (oblique objects) they are not optional X 1. I gave a letter [to Santa Claus] * I gave a letter cf: I gave [Santa] [a letter] X 3. We fed cashews [to the platypus] *We fed cashews cf: We fed [him] [cashews] For the purposes of this class, the prepositional phrases in 2 & 4 are optional. (but we are not going to decide if they are arguments or not.) 2.I told a joke to Santa Claus . I told a joke 4.We brought food to the platypus . We brought food. These prepositional phrases are NOT arguments: I slept in bed I dropped the radio on the table I watched them in amazement I told a joke after dinner I drove the car to Saskatoon I sang with all my strength So what are they? (Here’s where our atomic model breaks down)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

syntax 6 - Today Syntax VI Argument Structure Phrases Recap...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online