What is linguistic lecture 1

What is linguistic lecture 1 - What is linguistic? The...

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What is linguistic? The structure of language How language works (how it patterns; how we produce and comprehend language; how it is encoded in the brain) etc One of the things main in this course is to find pattern with in languages and across language. Language is creative Within words etc hope, hopeful, hopefulness Two meaning of a word like table (put the books on the table; table of motion) We don’t just memorize sentences and repeat them = we create new ones BUT there are constraints on this creativity Language is systematic. .. but these systems are not consciously controlled ( inaccessibility ) No language is better or worse than any other; no language is primitive or advanced Lecture 2 All language system is equal Semantics: without meaning, communication is not possible Synonymy: words or expressions that have the same meaning in some or all contexts Buy purchase Perfect synonymy: two words means with exactly the same meaning is rare e.g. : to imprison vs. to prison would mean exactly the same thing, so is blocked, on the other hand how about to jail vs. To imprison? Synonyms often have different distributions ( formal vs. Informal speech), geographic
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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What is linguistic lecture 1 - What is linguistic? The...

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