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Study Guide for Exam

Study Guide for Exam - Study Guide for Exam#3 Chapter 12 1...

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Study Guide for Exam #3 Chapter 12 1. Define cognition. Awareness and thinking as well as specific mental acts such as perceiving, interpreting, remembering, believing, and anticipating 2. What are the three levels of cognition? What is an example for each level? Perception Interpretation Beliefs and Desires 3. What is the difference between field independence and field dependence people? How can this concept be measured? Field Independence People: have the ability to focus on details despite the clutter of background information Field Dependence People: Concept is measured by the Rod & Frame Test, Embedded Figures Task 4. What is a reducer in Petrie’s theory of pain tolerance? What is an augmenter? Which one (reducer/augmenter) seeks out more stimulation? Reducers: people with high pain tolerance- nervous system that can dampen/reduce effects of sensory stimulation Augmenters: people with low pain tolerance – have a nervous system that can amplify/augment subjective impact of sensory input Reducers seek out more stimulation 5. Define personal construct. Are constructs bipolar? Personal Construct: constructs a person uses to interpret and predict events 6. Define locus of control. Define external locus of control. Define internal locus of control. Which locus of control is related to better psychological outcomes? Locus of Control: individual differences in expectancy External Locus of Control: expects nothing Internal Locus of Control: expects reward 7. Define explanatory style. What is the depressed person’s (pessimistic) explanatory style? Explanatory Style: characteristic patterns of assigning causality and explaining events 8. Define current concerns. Define personal strivings. Define personal projects.
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Current Concerns: Personal Strivings: Personal Projects: 9. People who score high on what personality traits rate their personality projects as stressful? 10. Define intelligence. Define emotional intelligence. Intelligence: application of cognitive skill and knowledge to solve problems, learn, and achieve goals valued by the individual and the culture Emotional Intelligence: one’s ability to perceive, manage, and understand one’s own and other’s emotions Chapter 13 1. What are the three components of emotions? Distinct subjective feelings, or affect, associated with them Accompanied by bodily changes Accompanied by distinct action tendencies 2. What is the difference between emotional state and emotional trait?
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