Chapter 12 Powerpoint

Chapter 12 Powerpoint - Cognitive Topics chapter 12...

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Cognitive Topics chapter 12; 03-18-10
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Cognitive approaches Cognitive approaches focus on how people process information differently Cognition - awareness & thinking as well as specific mental acts such as perceiving, interpreting, remembering, believing, & anticipating
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3 levels Three levels of cognition 1. perception 2. interpretation 3. beliefs & desires
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Field independence/dependence Field independent people have the ability to focus on details despite the clutter of background information measures: Rod & Frame Test; Embedded Figures Task
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Field independence/dependence Field independent favor math and science More interpersonally dependent Field Dependent Favor social sciences and education More attentive to social cues, orient toward others
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Reducer-augmenter Petrie’s reducer-augment theory of pain tolerance people with low pain tolerance- have a nervous system that can amplify/augment subjective impact of sensory input *=augmenters people with high pain tolerance- nervous system that can dampen/reduce effects of sensory stimulation * = reducers
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