Chapter 19 Powerpoint

Chapter 19 Powerpoint - Personality Disorders Chapter 19...

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Personality Disorders Chapter 19 April 26 & 28
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Psychological Disorder Psychological disorder- pattern or behavior or experience that is distressing
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The Concept of Disorder Psychological disorder: pattern of behavior or experience that is distressing and painful to the person leads to disability or impairment in important life domain associated with increased risk for further suffering, loss of function, death, or confinement
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What is abnormal? Statistical definition Social definition Psychological definition Statistical + Social + Psychological = Psychopathology (the study of mental disorders)
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Categorical vs. Dimensional Categorical View: person has a disorder or does not Dimensional View: disorder is seen as a continuum, ranging from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other
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Diagnosing Disorders 1952- 1st edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)- 101 different disorders two purposes: effort to make psychological diagnoses more objective Treatment: medications, insurance billing, common language current edition- DSM-IV-TR - 365 different disorders, 943 pps.
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Personality Disorders Personality disorders can be seen as maladaptive variations within the domains of traits, emotions, cognitions, motives, and self-concept
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Criteria for Personality Disorders 1 .) Enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture. cultural differences in disorders 3.) Pattern leads to clinically significant distress or impairment
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Criteria for Personality Disorders 4.) Pattern is stable and of long duration, onset in adolescence 5.) Pattern is NOT better accounted for by another mental disorder 6.) Pattern is NOT due to effects of a substance or better explained by a medical condition
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Varieties of Personality Disorders 10 personality disorders into 3 clusters (A, B, C) Cluster A: The Eccentric Cluster Schizoid, Schizotypal, Paranoid Cluster B: The Erratic Cluster Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic Cluster C: The Anxious Cluster Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive
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Cluster A: The Eccentric Cluster Traits that make people ill at ease socially and just plain different. Oddness in Social Situations No interest in others: Schizoid Extremely uncomfortable with others: Schizotypal Suspicious of others: Paranoid Root in schizophrenia Cutting of the mind off from itself and from reality Personality disorders: low grade non-psychotic symptoms
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Cluster B: The Erratic Cluster Trouble with emotional control and trouble getting along with others Dramatic Unpredictable Impulsive
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Cluster Patterns of behavior that are geared toward avoiding anxiety Neurotic Paradox Pattern of behavior that successfully solves one problem for the person, it may create or maintain another equally or more severe problem
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course ECON 10012 taught by Professor My during the Spring '11 term at Kent State.

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Chapter 19 Powerpoint - Personality Disorders Chapter 19...

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