Chapter 4 Notes

Chapter 4 Notes -...

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Read: Chapter 4  Newspapers: Where Journalism Begins What you should know: 1. A Brief History of American Newspapers Including Role that Newspapers  Played in the American Revolution a. The First Newspapers  a.i. The first newspaper appeared in China 1,200 years ago a.i.1. Printed from woodcuts  a.i.2. News at the time consisted of bits of wisdom from  religious leaders and official notices of government decrees,  directed toward a few dozen wealthy merchants and  members of the imperial court  a.ii. Gutenberg’s fellow Germans pioneered newspaper production in  the early 1600s a.iii. The world news came to mean information that a large audience  would be interested in (100-200 literate people)  a.iv. 1640s newspaper editors had discovered the sales potential of  human interest stories a.iv.1. Sold for a small coin called the gazetta  b. The Newspaper in Early America  b.i. By the tune the newspaper arrived in America, editors and  legislators were already arguing over both the nature of news and  its regulations  b.ii. America’s First Newspaper: Publik Occurrences b.ii.1. Benjamin Harris  b.ii.2. Published in Boston in 1690 (lasted only one issue) b.ii.3. Harris printed stories on 3 pages of a 4 page paper b.ii.3.a. Leaving the fourth page for readers to ass their  own news before passing the newspapers on to  others  b.ii.4. Arguably the first tabloid  b.iii. The Boston News-Letter b.iii.1. John Campbell b.iii.2. First American paper to last more than one issue b.iii.2.a. 1704 b.iii.3. Only paper in the colonials for 15 years  b.iii.4. Boston Gazette 1719 
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b.iv. Seditious libel laws: laws established in colonial America that made  it illegal to criticize government or its representatives  b.v. First daily newspaper appeared in 1784 after Americans declared  freedom from Great Britain  b.vi. American papers tended to be expensive and inaccurate  b.vi.1. Would publish anything that seemed to be the news,  including the rooms  b.vi.2. Information was usually out of date  b.vi.3. Transportation was slow and communication was tied  directly to communication  c. The Zenger Case and Freedom of the Press  c.i. Publisher of the New York Weekly c.i.1. Paper liked to point out the failings of the royal  governor of New York  c.i.2. Most accusations were true  c.i.3. Seditious libel law came into play c.ii.  Zenger was put on trial c.ii.1. Lawyer argued that it ought to be permissible to  publish the truth (even about the government) c.ii.2. Jury agreed c.ii.2.a. As far an American settlers were concerned  newspapers now had the right to publish the truth  about government actions  d.
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course ECON 10012 taught by Professor My during the Spring '11 term at Kent State.

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Chapter 4 Notes -...

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