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Type I and Type II Diabetes Worksheet

Type I and Type II Diabetes Worksheet - times higher than...

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For this assignment, complete this chart to create an easy-to-read reference that will help you understand how the two forms of diabetes mellitus differ. Maintaining proper levels of insulin is critical for diabetes patients. The means by which insulin can be regulated depends upon which type of diabetes a patient has. Complete the chart with a 25- to 50-word response for each box. Form of diabetes Age of onset Defects in insulin and effects on glucose metabolism Risk factors Prevention and treatment Type I: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Usually prior to age 30 Type I diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin- dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Family history, genetics, and geography are risk factors for Type I diabetes. People living in Finland and Sardinia have the highest incidence of type I disease—about two or three
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Unformatted text preview: times higher than rates in the United States and 400 times that of people living in Venezuela. Treatment for type I diabetes is a lifelong commitment to taking insulin, exercising regularly and maintaining blood sugar. There is currently no known way to prevent the disease. Type II: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Usually after age 45 Type II diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) Your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Weight, fat distribution, inactivity, family history, race, age, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes are all risk factors for noninsulin Treatment for type II diabetes requires a lifelong commitment to blood sugar monitoring, healthy eating, regular exercise, and diabetes medication or insulin therapy. HCA/240...
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