53510828-39009401-Java-Beans - JavaBeans An introduction to...

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Unformatted text preview: JavaBeans An introduction to component-based development in general Introduction to JavaBeans – – Java components client-side Working with the BDK The beans development life cycle Writing simple and advanced beans Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Software Components All engineering discplines use components to build systems. In SE we rely on line-by-line SD. We have class libraries – – – create objects from class libraries we still need to write a large amount of code objects are not enough Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Software Components They are like Integrated Circuit (IC) components Over 20 years ago, hardware vendors learned how to package transistors Hardware Engineers integrate ICs to make a board of chips In SE, we are where hardware engineers were 20 years ago We are building software routines Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Java Components Instead of worrying about rotuines, we can buy routines and use/reuse them in our applications (assemble applications) JavaBeans -- portable, platform-independent component model Java components are known as beans A bean: a reusable software component that can be manipulated visually in a builder tool Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud JavaBeans vs. Class Libraries Beans are appropriate for software components that can be visually manipulated Class libraries are good for providing functionality that is useful to programmers, and doesn’t benefit from visual manipulation Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud JavaBeans Concepts A component is a self-contained reusable software unit Components expose their features (public methods and events) to builder tools A builder tool maintains Beans in a palette or toolbox. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Concepts... You can select a bean from the toolbox, drop it in a form, and modify its appearance and behavior. Also, you can define its interaction with other beans ALL this without a line of code. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud JavaBean Characteristics a public class with 0-argument constuctor it has properties with accessory methods it has events it can customized its state can be saved it can be analyzed by a builder tool Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Key Concepts A builder tool discover a bean’s features by a process known as introspection. – – Adhering to specific rules (design pattern) when naming Bean features. Providing property, method, and event information with a related Bean Information class. Properties (bean’s appearance and behavior characteristics) can be changed at design-time. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Key Concepts…. Properties can be customized at design-time. Customization can be done: – – using property editor using bean customizers Events are used when beans want to intercommunicate Persistence: for saving and restoring the state Bean’s methods are regular Java methods. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Security Issues JavaBeans are sbject to the standard Java security model The security model has neither extended nor relaxed. If a bean runs as an untrusted applet then it will be subject to applet security If a bean runs as a stand-alone application then it will be treated as a normal Java application. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud JavaBeans and Threads Assume your beans will be running in a multithreaded environment It is your responsibility (the developer) to make sure that their beans behave properly under multi-threaded access For simple beans, this can be handled by simply making all methods …... Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Beans Development Kit (BDK) To – – start the BeanBox: run.bat (Windows) run.sh (Unix) Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud BDK ToolBox contains the beans available BeanBox window is the form where you visually wire beans together. Properties sheet: displays the properties for the Bean currently selected within the BeanBox window. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud MyFirstBean import java.awt.*; import java.io.Serializable; public class FirstBean extends Canvas implements Serializable { public FirstBean() { setSize(50,30); setBackground(Color.blue); } } Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud First Bean Compile: javac FirstBean.java Create a manifest file: manifest.txt – – Name: FirstBean.class Java-Bean: True Create a jar file: jar cfm FirstBean.jar mani.txt FirstBean.class Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Using Beans in hand-written app Use Beans.instantiate Frame f; f = new Frame("Testing Beans"); try { ClassLoader cl = this.getClass().getClassLoader(); fb =(FirstBean)Beans.instantiate(cl,"FirstBean"); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } f.add(fb); Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Properties Bean’s appearance and behavior -changeable at design time. They are private values Can be accessed through getter and setter methods getter and setter methods must follow some rules -- design patterns (documenting experience) Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Properties A – – – – – builder tool can: discover a bean’s properties determine the properties’ read/write attribute locate an appropriate “property editor” for each type display the properties (in a sheet) alter the properties at design-time Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Types of Properties Simple Index: multiple-value properties Bound: provide event notification when value changes Constrained: how proposed changes can be okayed or vetoed by other object Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Simple Properties When a builder tool introspect your bean it discovers two methods: – – public Color getColor() public void setColor(Color c) The builder tool knows that a property named “Color” exists -- of type Color. It tries to locate a property editor for that type to display the properties in a sheet. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Simple Properties…. Adding – a Color property Create and initialize a private instance variable private – Color color = Color.blue; Write public getter & setter methods public – Color getColor() { return color; } public void setColor(Color c) { color = c; – repaint(); – } Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Events “Introspection” For a bean to be the source of an event, it must implement methods that add and remove listener objects for the type of the event: – public void add<EventListenerType>(<EventListenerType> elt); – same thing for remove These methods help a source Bean know where to fire events. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Events “Introspection” Source Bean fires events at the listeners using method of those interfaces. Example: if a source Bean register ActionListsener objects, it will fire events at those objects by calling the actionPerformed method on those listeners Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Events “using BeanInfo” Implementing the BeanInfo interface allows you to explicitly publish the events a Bean fires Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud BeanInfo interface Question: how does a Bean exposes its features in a property sheet? Answer: using java.beans.Introspector class (which uses Core Reflection API) The discovery process is named “introspection” OR you can associate a class that implements the BeanInfo with your bean Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud BeanInfo interface…. Why use BeanInfo then? Using BeanInfo you can: – Expose features that you want to expose Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Bean Customization The appearance and behavior of a bean can be customized at design time. Two ways to customize a bean: – using a property editor each bean property has its own editor a bean’s property is displayed in a property sheet – using customizers gives you complete GUI control over bean customization used when property editors are not practical Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Property Editors A property editor is a user interface for editing a bean property. The property must have both, read/write accessor methods. A property editor must implement the PropertyEditor interface. PropertyEditorSupport does that already, so you can extend it. Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud Property Editors If you provide a custom property editor class, then you must refer to this class by calling PropertyDescriptor.setPropertyEditorClass in a BeanInfo class. Each bean may have a BeanInfo class which customizes how the bean is to appear. SimpleBeanInfo implements that interface Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud How to be a good bean? JavaBeans are just the start of the Software Components industry. This market is growing in both, quantity and quality. To promote commercial quality java beans components and tools, we should strive to make our beans as reusable as possible. Here are a few guidelines... Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud How to be a good bean? Creating – – beans Your bean class must provide a zero-argument constructor. So, objects can be created using Bean.instantiate(); The bean must support persistence implement Serializable or Externalizable Copyright © 2001 Qusay H. Mahmoud ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course ENPM 603 taught by Professor Kumar during the Winter '09 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.

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