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IMG_0016 - D AIDS 1981 NYC and San Francisco increased...

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of these antibodies is bridged by an allergen the Mast Cell releases histamine which causes inflammation (sneezing and congestion). 2. Auto-immune Diseases These diseases are due to an immune system which fails to recognize some of the body's cells as o'self' and as a result produces antibodies against its own cells. a) Juvenile Diabetes -antibodies destroy insulin producing cells in the pancreas b) Rheumatoid Arthritis - immune system damages the cartilage of bones and joints c) Multiple Sclerosis - antibodies attack the myelin sheath that surrounds nerve cells d) Lupus Erythmatosis - antibodies attack different parts of the body (attack kidneys) 3. SCID * Severe Combined Immuno-deficiency No immune system. The only hope is a bone marrow transplant (to provide lymphocy.tes)
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Unformatted text preview: D) AIDS 1981 - NYC and San Francisco: increased nurnber of cases of Pneumocysitis Carinii and Kaposi's Sarcoma due to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (ArDS). 1983 - the pathogen was identifred : IIfV (Human Immuno Deficiency Virus). When this virus enters the body it infects the Ilelper T-CelIs and may remain for fiumy years undetected. When it becomes active, it reproduces and destroys other T-Cells thereby destroying the immune systenl which prevents the body from fighting disease. Transmission - sexual contact via semen and vaginal secretions contaminated blood transfu sions nee<ile-sharing pregnant mother to unborn child Proph)tlactics - Condoms containing NonoxinylNine which not only kills sperm but also the virus ?1...
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  • Spring '11
  • Dr.Abdirkin
  • Acquired Immune Deficiency, Mast Cell releases, Immuno Deficiency Virus, Severe Combined Immuno-deficiency

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