FALL 2011 PSYC 440 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE

FALL 2011 PSYC 440 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE - 05/12/2011...

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Unformatted text preview: 05/12/2011 13:20:00 FALL 2011 SURVEY OF PERSONALITY (PSYC 440.001) Final Exam Study Guide Chapters 9-15 + Presentations Chapter 9 Humanistic/Existential Existentialism An area of philosophy concerned with the meaning of human existence Being in the world o Must examine human beings in their world Phenomenological o Study of consciousness o Subjective realities are important Humanism An area of philosophy that emphasizes the personal worth of the individual and the importance of human values Holistic psychology o Study the individual as a whole person, focusing on subjective experience and the self The third force o emphasizes the creative, spontaneous, and active nature of human beings Phenomenological approach to personality Existential phenomenonlogy Focused on broad, historically enduring, and deeply philosophical issues central to human experience Being, death, love, evil, destiny Phenomenonlogical o Study of consciousness o Subjective realities are important Fromm Love o Allows us to overcome our isolation but still maintain our individual integrity o Loving is an art o Modern society encourages existential alienation (divorce rate, out of wedlock rate, percent of population in prison, reported anxiety and depression) Dialectical humanism o Reconciles the biological, driven side of human beings and the pressure of societal structure o Believes people can transcend these forces through free will Rogers Developed a view of personality in which private experiences, subjective perceptions, and the self all have an important part Self theory o Unique, subjective experience of the person o Self-actualization o The self o Consistency and positive regard o Self-determination 2 Responsibility o People have an inherent tendency toward growth and maturation o Becoming ones self o People must strive to take responsibility for themselves Suggested that we naturally strive to reach an optimal sense of satisfaction with our lives To become fully functioning includes the following characteristics o Open to their experiences o Look to see what life will throw your way o Live each moment as it comes; experience life o Learn to trust your own feelings o Less prone to conform to the roles dictated by societal expectations o Experience their feelings more deeply and intensely o Accept and express their anger o Experience a great richness in their lives Anxiety results o We receive inconsistent information with the way we think of ourselves o Ex. You may think of yourself as the kind of person everybody lies. One day you overhear someone say what a jerk he thinks you are. How do you react?...
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FALL 2011 PSYC 440 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE - 05/12/2011...

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