History EXAM 2

History EXAM 2 - Essay topics: -Starting from 1763: What...

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Essay topics: -Starting from 1763: What led to the revolution (ending at the battle at Lexington) & explain why 1763 is a turning point. -Creation of the 1 st national government – successes and fails of the Articles of Confederation The Road to Revolution: 1763-1775 I. (King William’s War, Queen Anne’s War, King George’s War, etc.) -England: Dominant naval/economic power -French: forts in Ohio valley in 1750s -Virginia sends small militia (led by George Washington) to scout 1763: Negotiations for peace (Peace of Paris, 1763) -France gives up Canada, Spain gives up Florida, gains French land W of Mississippi; France eliminated as a threat II. Turning Point, 1763 Colonies are prospering; England = powerful ally a. b. Trade Regulation Parliament pissed: colonies trading w/ France during war c. Security Issues c.i. Pontiac’s Rebellion 1763: Colonials Ohio valley; hostile natives Pontiac (a tribe leader) brings tribes together to fight back- killed about 2 thousand colonials Ended 1765: colonials think Brits should protect them c.ii. Proclamation Act, 1763 Passed by Parliament- invisible boundary -Colonials cannot move past Appalachian Mts. -Colonials cannot purchase land W of Mississippi III. England Exerts Control a. Sugar Act 1764: Parliament places tariff on coffee, sugar & wine in order to raise more $ from colonies toward debt; led to smuggling b. Quartering Act 1765: Parliament forces Colonials to pay for troops stationed there; Colonials say they’d already paid it during the war c. Stamp Act 1765: Direct internal tax for the 1 st time; required all legal documents be printed on stamped paper sold by British d. Colonial Reaction -Upset ALL colonists; created a sense of community -Meeting of colonial delegates from 9 colonies (Oct. 1765)
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Drafted formal complaint; ‘still citizens, but plz no tax’ HIT ALL COLONIES EQUALLY formation of patriotic groups English weak point: dependence on colonial $ for goods Colonists propose BOYCOTT of British goods Creation of ‘homespun’ – coarse colonial fabric Impacted British economy – exports DROP, unemployment rise 1766: British repeal Stamp Act, pass Declaratory Act Reiterated British right to create laws in colonies e. Townshend Duties (1767 – 1770) Added revenue to everyday goods (glass, tea, etc) Met with violence & boycott; REPEALED except on TEA f. Boston Massacre Parliament sent troops
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Pinckney during the Spring '11 term at UT Arlington.

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History EXAM 2 - Essay topics: -Starting from 1763: What...

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