Exam 1 Review

Exam 1 Review - Biology 2343 Jill DeVito Review Exercise...

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Biology 2343, Jill DeVito Review Exercise for Exam 1 _____ Independently came up with natural selection; published jointly with Charles Darwin in 1859. _____ Charles Darwin’s botanist mentor at Cambridge University _____ Early proponent of the phenomenon of evolution _____ Political economist; Essay on the Principles of Population _____ “Darwin’s bulldog” defended evolution in the public arena _____ Observed that deeper layers of rock are older, with corresponding changes and extinctions in the fossil record _____ Father of Taxonomy (invented binomial classification system) _____ Father of Modern Geology; proposed gradualism _____ Darwin’s contemporary who wrote Principles of Geology (a) Carolus Linnaeus (b) Georges Cuvier (c) James Hutton (d) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (e) Thomas Malthus (f) John Henslow (g) Charles Lyell (h) Alfred R. Wallace (i) Thomas H. Huxley Darwin and later Ernst Mayr have pointed out several prerequisites for natural selection. Summarize these “observations” and consequent “inferences.” _________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________. Why do populations with limited genetic variation tend to go extinct more easily? ____________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________. Give an example of a phenomenon that increases genetic variation: _______________________________. Give an example of a phenomenon that decreases genetic variation: ___________________________. Under what conditions would the normal type HIV outcompete the drug resistant strains? _______________________________________________________________________________. Why? _____________________________________________________________________________________. Define “vestigial structure” and name an example.
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Exam 1 Review - Biology 2343 Jill DeVito Review Exercise...

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