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Practice Questions - Biology 2343 Jill DeVito Review...

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Biology 2343, Jill DeVito Review Exercise for Exam 3 chapters 51 & 52 – practice matching 1. top layer of aquatic habitat, where photosynthesis is possible 2. open water habitat in ocean or lake, where biodiversity is relatively low 3. bottom habitat in ocean or lake, with food web enriched by falling detritus 4. lake shoreline habitat, with emergent vegetation providing structural diversity 5. specific environmental situation (biotic & abiotic factors) required by a species 6. addition of nutrients to freshwater systems, sometimes causing algal blooms 7. side of the mountain where precipitation is high due to prevailing winds 8. "rain shadow" of a mountain where precipitation is low 9. global ecosystem as a functional unit 10. movement of individuals away from centers of high population density 11. innate sequence of behaviors triggered by a sign stimulus 12. tropical forest, savanna, desert, chaparral, taiga, tundra, etc. 13. Indigo Buntings inherit specific component of navigation; orienting to north star 14. example of a wetland habitat, where river mouth meets ocean 15. automatic orientation toward a stimulus (or away from it) 16. sunlight, water, temperature, wind, disturbances, rocks & components of soil 17. behavior in one animal that causes a change in the behavior of another 18. automatic change in activity level triggered by stimulus 19. geese who imprinted on their mother were more likely to pass on their genes 20. rats, goats, pigs, cane toads, starlings, bullfrogs, lampreys, kudzu 21. a chemical signal used for communication; acts like hormone in recipient 22. ability to link one component of environment with another (e.g., predator; odor) 23. loss of responsiveness to (repetitive) stimuli that convey very little information 24. cattle egret, great-tailed grackle 25. alarm signals and other altruistic behaviors can usually be explained by this 26. large size dimorphism between males and females is often associated with 27. animal learns to associate its own behaviors with reward or punishment 28. system of information transfer via social learning 29. internal representation of spatial relationships among objects 30. sunfish moves further in effort to obtain large food items than small ones a. biological invasions b. lee c. windward d. fixed action pattern e. eutrophication f. abiotic components g. taxis h. habitat i. pelagic zone j. littoral zone k. photic zone l. benthic zone m. dispersal n. proximate cause
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