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Sociology of family Chapter 6

Sociology of family Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Sexualities...

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Chapter 6: Sexualities Historically: late 19 th to early 20 th century Heterosexual & Homosexual developed I. Sexual identities Sexual identity: helps us define who we are heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual A. The Emergence of sexual identities 1. Sexual acts vs. sexual identities only socially approved & socially disapproved activities Socially approved sex within marriage to procreate Socially disapproved (all other acts) oral sex, incest etc Sexual acts existed, sexual identities did not No emphasis on self-reflection Concept of sexual identity needs -self-consciousness -self-examination -Reproduction, relationship, recreation, relax (norm) B. Emergence of heterosexuality & homosexuality Homosexuals were labeled mentally ill until 1973 Opposite sex attraction was considered normal Beginning in late 19 th century homosexual person was thought to be mentally ill 1973 American psychiatric association removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders C. The determinants of sexual identities 1. Social constructionist perspective Belief that human sexuality is entirely socially constructed (male & female preferred) 1. Models parents, peers 2. Gender expectations 2. Integrative perspective Belief that sexuality is determined by both social & biological factors Some studies of twins link genetics to sexual orientation Points of agreement/disagreement main disagreement is whether society completely
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