Sociology of family Chapter 7

Sociology of family Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Cohabitation...

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Chapter 7: Cohabitation & Marriage Historically: Marriages were arranged Still being done in some cultures -Example given In the United States, expectations about marriage have changed drastically I. Forming a union Union: Stable, intimate relationship between two people who live in the same household but or may or may not be married Parental influence: not as strong as it once was -changed about the time that men and women began marrying without influence of family farm or birth order (1750s) -without property, etc. parents have less to say -effects of wage labor Developing nations still strong influence A. Anglo American Courtship Courtship: public visible process with rules & restrictions -carefully established social norms governed this process 1. Public meeting places, group setting 2. Night visiting, family present 3. No privacy until engagement 4. This was the norm until mid 1800s courtship met its demise after 1900 1. Migration from rural areas 2. Industrial capitalism 3. Higher standards of living 4. Adolescence, a new stage of life 5. General mobility increased 6. Range of choices increased B. Courtship now based on dating Places courtship on economic basis Shifted balance of power from women to men -Men had the money Shifted balance of power from parents to teenagers & young adults dating systems less connected to marriage 1. Trends toward independent living 2. Average age of marriage increased 3. Sharp rise in premarital intercourse 4. Cohabitation became common C. Hooking up Hooking up: A sexual encounter with no expectation of further involvement
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Hook-up culture can be seen as either sexually liberating and pleasurable or troubling and exploitive -favors men Marriage: -90% of whites and 67% of African Americans are projected to eventually marry -literature suggests great change in marriage II. Marriage
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Sociology of family Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Cohabitation...

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