Sociology of family Chapter 9

Sociology of family Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Children &...

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Chapter 9: Children & Parents Historically: Proportion of American families with children has dropped to 46% With so few children it is important for parents to raise them to be productive adults I. What are parents supposed to do for children? Parents supply: 1. Love, nurturing & care to develop sense of trust 2. Assistance towards autonomy 4. Major source of primary socialization A. Types of parenting (Baumrind) 1. Authoritative 2. Permissive some support with low or no control 3. Authoritarian low emotional support and coercive control B. Baumrind’s study more likely applies to middle class whites Primary task of socialization is to familiarize child with his/her culture Teaching of norms & values Norms: widely accepted rules Values: goals or principles that are held in high esteem by a society C. Differences by social classification -social class & parental values Middle class -less supervised at work -more likely to focus on autonomy/independence & self-direction Working class & lower class -highly supervised at work -more likely to focus on obedience & conformity D. Socialization & Gender Parents & children influence each other -children through behavior -parents through decisions E. Conservative Protestantism (Neotraditional: mix of authoritarian & affection) -fathers are more authoritarian -believe in traditional gender roles -spank children more often -Hug & praise more often too Mainline Protestant -fathers spank less -less involved with children though
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F. What’s important? Material & physical support Emotional support Control: supervise & monitor children’s behavior Androgynous behavior: behavior that has the characteristics for both genders Encourage children to exhibit behaviors of both genders G. What difference do father’s make? When fathers were involved the children were more responsible, had fewer behavior problems, & got along better with others 1. Fathers relate to young Children differently than mothers Fathers play more “rough & tumble” -helps with regulation of emotion
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course SOC 272 taught by Professor Lindacarelli during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Sociology of family Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Children &...

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