Chapter10 - Climate systems and climate change Chapter 10...

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Climate systems and climate change Chapter 10
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Climate Climate is weather considered over many years, including its general state, variability and extremes Climatology examines the linkages between the earth-atmosphere-ocean system. Climatology examines how climate has changed in the past, at present and in the future. 2
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Climate and geographic space While climate has changed through time, earth surface has a huge range of different climate conditions Deserts Tropical forests Ice sheets 3
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Climate regions Earth huge range of climate conditions have some broad similarities so that they can be simplified into a few climatic regions. These climate regions influence the distribution of worlds ecosystems (so called biomes) 4
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Primary climate components Insolation (incoming solar radiation) Temperature Pressure Air masses Precipitation Examining temperature and precipitation reveals general climate types 5
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Climatic Relationships
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Climate classification system A system to grouping earths climates Several systems have been developed Here we will examine a system that uses temperature and precipitation as the basis for classification 7
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Tropical Mesothermal Microthermal Polar Highland Dry Classification Categories
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Generalized Climate Regions
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A climograph a) shows the monthly precipitation and temperature for a location b) indicates the soil types found at a location c) usually shows hourly temperature variability d) is a table showing the intensity of severe weather affecting a location e) All of the above
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A climograph a) shows the monthly precipitation and temperature for a location b) indicates the soil types found at a location c) usually shows hourly temperature variability d) is a table showing the intensity of severe weather affecting a location e) All of the above
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Climographs 15
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How do these differ? 16
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Climate classification Study the details of the major climate regions on your own We may revisit them in the review session before the exam. 17
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Tropical rainforest climates are produced by a) sub-tropical high pressure b) sub-polar high pressure c) converging air near the Equator d) cold ocean currents e) All of the above
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Tropical rainforest climates are produced by a) sub-tropical high pressure b) sub-polar high pressure c) converging air near the Equator d) cold ocean currents e) All of the above
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Dry climates are most common a) on west coasts in the mid-latitudes b) near areas of sub-tropical high pressure c) near the ITCZ d) in mid-latitude coastal areas e) None of the above
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Dry climates are most common a) on west coasts in the mid-latitudes b) near areas of sub-tropical high pressure c) near the ITCZ d) in mid-latitude coastal areas e) None of the above
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Climate Change 22
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Climate change Earth’s history have many examples of climate change Unique aspects of the current climate change 1) Scientific evidence points toward that current climate change is caused by human
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course EARTH SYS 101 taught by Professor Asar during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter10 - Climate systems and climate change Chapter 10...

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