Final Exam notes - US History-final exam Ch 1 Puritans...

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US History-final exam Ch. 1 Puritans: separatists. Joint-stock companies: Investors pool money to fund for exploration (England). John Smith: friend with Indians (traded). Jamestown 1607: first colony big crop in Chesapeake. House of Burgesses 1619: colonists make their own laws. Pilgrims: Mayflower. Chesapeake, and North East. Separatists: Puritans; pilgrims; wanted separation from Anglican church. Plymouth: one of the first few colonies. Mayflower Compact: self government made on mayflower ship. (to North East) John Winthrop: North East. Fundamental Orders of CT: adult men could vote and hold office. William Penn: Pennsylvania- “holy experiment.” Quakers: escaped persecution in England. mercantilism: sell more than you buy. Great Britain got New France, Louisiana east of Miss., Florida. Spanish were given west Louisiana and New Orleans. British vs. French and Indians. British lost money so they taxed colonies “no taxation without representation.” Proclamation Act of 1763: tried to stop colonies expanding to Native American land west of Appalachian Mts. Stamp Act: tax on printed items, first direct tax to colonists. Townshend Acts: people lose liberties. Tax on glass, lead, paper, paint and tea imported into colonies; Townshend tax. Boston Massacre: Caused by all of the taxes. Common Sense: Stated that George III was responsible for British actions against colonies. Loyalists: loyal to England. Patriots: believed British became tyrants. Articles of Confederation: first const. Power to state; fed go. couldn’t tax or reg. commerce. loosely unified colonies under confederation congress. Federalists: supporters of constitution and strong federal go. Antifederalists: did not want const. w/out bill of rights. Bill of Rights: freedom of speech, press, and religion, from search and seizure, and trial by jury. Ch. 2 Marbury v. Madison: courts showed right to judicial review. judicial review : power to say const. or unconst. Louisiana Purchase: from Napoleon Bonaparte (France) for $11.25. McCulloch v. Maryland: “necessary and proper clause” clause (fed go) Monroe Doctrine: America no longer open to colonization. Missouri Compromise: temporarily settled the dispute over westward expansion of slavery Secede: leave union. Trail of Tears: Indians died on this trail due to disease, starvation, and exposure, b/c they were forced out with the Indian removal act. abolitionism: helped fight against slavery. Frederick Douglass: abolitionist. Manifest Destiny: idea that nation was meant to spread to the pacific. Caused Mexico and Indians. War with Mexico: started after annex. of Texas. US gets California, Oregon, and former Mexican territories. Wilmot Proviso:
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Bettinger during the Spring '07 term at Saint Mary's University Texas.

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Final Exam notes - US History-final exam Ch 1 Puritans...

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