ASAM_4 - Week 1 , Thursday - Rise in the Study of Popular...

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Week 1 , Thursday-Rise in the Study of Popular Cultureo1950s and 1960s in England are a time of profound intellectual and social fermentoHistorians begin to recognize that the histories of labor, of working class life have not beenconsideredoStorey: “By analyzing the culture of a society – the textual forms and documented practices ofa culture – it is possible to reconstitute the patterned behavior and constellation of ideas shared bythe men and women who produce and consume the cultural texts and practices of that society.”1865 - 1869: Chinese Labor/Transcontinental Railroad-Rise of the Anti-Chinese Movement-The completion of the railroad is the beginning of the end: Anti-Chinese movementto expel them for economic and racial reasons-Move to the GhettoRaymond Williams on Culture-3 General Definitions of High Art-#1: A general process of intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic development-Great philosophers, artists, poets-Echoes Matthew Arnold-Culture within social structures-#2: A peculiar way of Life-Baseball as a Metaphor-Baseball as great American, a democratic sport: meritocracy tobecome a pro; different positions, which together form a whole-Ritual and Tradition-Rebirth with Spring-#3: The works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity-Those texts and practices whose principle function is the production ofmeaning-It is through culture - the creation of it and the analysis - that we createmeaning out of the things around us-On Ideology: Storey-The set of ideas that are implicit/explicit within a cultural tet-When we analyze texts, we are trying to uncover the set of ideas that exist within the
text-You have done plenty of ideological excavation already in high school-Ideological Theory #1: Body of Ideas-The body of ideas articulated by a particular group of people-Ideological Theory #2: Distortion-A masking, distortion, concealment. Such Distortion, it is argued, works in theinterest of the powerful against the powerless-Ideological Theory #3: Use of Forms-How certain texts - televisions, pop songs, novels, feature films - always present aparticular image of the world-Are there certain commercial demands made from these forms?-Ideological Theory #4: Althusser-Principally, what Althusser has in mind is the way in which certain rituals andcustoms have the effect of binding us to the social order-The ideological state apparatus: schools, chuches, corporations. The production of a“proper” “functioning” citizen.-Ideological Theory #5: Barthes-Ideology at the level of connotations, the secondary, often unconscious meanings-For Barthes, this would be a classic example of the operations of ideology, theattempt to make universal and legitimate what is in fact partial and particular; anattempt to pass off that which is cultural as something natural-Example: Wrestling in France where there is a good and bad guy-Barthes and the Rhetoric of the Image-The linguistic message: the words and sentences used-The denoted message: the meaning suggested directly, literally.

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Term
Winter
Professor
CHAN
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