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1_Physics ProblemsTechnical Physics

1_Physics ProblemsTechnical Physics - 1 Physics and...

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1 CHAPTER OUTLINE 1.1 Standards of Length, Mass, and Time 1.2 Matter and Model-Building 1.3 Density and Atomic Mass 1.4 Dimensional Analysis 1.5 Conversion of Units 1.6 Estimates and Order-of- Magnitude Calculations 1.7 Significant Figures Physics and Measurement ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q1.1 Atomic clocks are based on electromagnetic waves which atoms emit. Also, pulsars are highly regular astronomical clocks. Q1.2 Density varies with temperature and pressure. It would be necessary to measure both mass and volume very accurately in order to use the density of water as a standard. Q1.3 People have different size hands. Defining the unit precisely would be cumbersome. Q1.4 (a) 0.3 millimeters (b) 50 microseconds (c) 7.2 kilograms Q1.5 (b) and (d). You cannot add or subtract quantities of different dimension. Q1.6 A dimensionally correct equation need not be true. Example: 1 chimpanzee
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