19 CHAPTER OUTLINE 19.1 Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 19.2 Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature Scale 19.3 The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and the Absolute Temperature Scale 19.4 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids 19.5 Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas Temperature ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q19.1 Two objects in thermal equilibrium need not be in contact. Consider the two objects that are in thermal equilibrium in Figure 19.1(c). The act of separating them by a small distance does not affect how the molecules are moving inside either object, so they will still be in thermal equilibrium. Q19.2 The copper’s temperature drops and the water temperature rises until both temperatures are the same. Then the metal and the water are in thermal equilibrium. Q19.3 The astronaut is referring to the temperature of the lunar surface, specifically a 400°F difference. A thermometer would register the temperature of the thermometer liquid. Since there is no atmosphere in the moon, the thermometer will not read a
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course PHY 203 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Indiana State University .