Sociology 101 Final Exam Study Guide

Sociology 101 Final Exam Study Guide - Sociology 101 Final...

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Sociology 101 Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 11 Deviance and Social Control Deviance: going against what other people expect Since deviance is the flip side of conformity, understanding deviance contributes to our understanding of conformity The deviants are us To say that an act is deviant is to say that it violates the norms of a particular group of people at a particular point in time (NOT to say if an act is good/bad, moral/immoral because those are not sociological concepts) Normative Behavior: actions intended to normalize something, or make it acceptable Conforming Behavior: a change in behavior due to the real or imagined influence of other people Questions: o Society cannot be divided into people who conform and people who do not conform to social norms because if we tried to make such a division, everyone would be on the same side of the line. Everyone deviates sometimes, and more people conform most of the time. o People generally do not agree on which behaviors are deviant and which are not. In fact, there is a great deal of disagreement in society about what is deviant and what is not. It varies among subcultures and across time. However, within a particular society, there may be general agreement on the most important norms (for example, there is usually pretty solid agreement on what constitutes taboo behavior) o Most people have violated one or more important mores at some time in their lives. o Most deviant behaviors are not regarded as deviant in all societies and at all times. It is very difficult to identify a particular behavior that is deviant everywhere. o It is not merely acts that are harmful to people that are judged to be deviant. There are many acts that do not harm anyone but that are still regarded as deviant. It would be accurate to say that all deviant behaviors are offensive (if only in the sense that deviant acts offend social norms). Talking with your mouth full of food, or picking your nose doesn’t harm anyone but these behaviors certainly do offend people. Muzafer Sherif (1930s) Auto Kenetic Effect (light and how much it moves experiment/individual and group) - light appears to move in dark environment because there is no reference point
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- results suggested that people conform when they don’t know the answer - his experiments were… conformity under ambiguous conditions Solomon Asch (1930s) (study of perceptual judgment) Lines with comparison - People started agreeing with the wrong answer - Confederates : know what is going on in the experiment and give wrong answers on purpose - Naïve subjects : have no idea and most go along with what the confederates did even though it is the wrong answer - Milgrim : replicated and found that Norwegians have high conformity and French have less conformity Barriers to Independent Behavior (Why do people conform?) Psychological 1. Risk of disapproval from other group members. Most groups est. norms to govern central activities. By deviating too far, a
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Sociology 101 Final Exam Study Guide - Sociology 101 Final...

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