TB paper - 1 Tuberculosis Kandyce Davis College of Adult and Graduate Studies Colorado Christian University BIO-340A-ON20-SU20 Pathophysiology

TB paper - 1 Tuberculosis Kandyce Davis College of...

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1 Tuberculosis Kandyce Davis College of Adult and Graduate Studies, Colorado Christian University BIO-340A-ON20-SU20: Pathophysiology Block Two Dr. Kathy McKinney August 2, 2020
2 Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria specifically known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis or otherwise called the tuberculosis bacillus. This bacteria is spread from person to person through microscopic droplets and airborn. Areas of tissue that get infected with TB end up getting destroyed and cause scare tissue. This disease can invade organs and tissue causing many different complications. If TB invades the lungs tissue can be destroyed, infection can set in, and scar tissue will develop causing restrictive lung disease and reduced lung volume. Primary tuberculosis is a disease that takes place shortly after an infection. Tuberculosis is also a disease that can become dormant and remain dormant for a long time, yet even then this germ can reactivate. Reactive tuberculosis is much harder to treat and is actually very common. Also a fun little fact a big concern with TB is whats called droplet nuclei. These droplets are remnants from the droplets after the excess water has evaporated. They can survive in the air forfor a very long time and they are small enough that they are practically invisible. Ultra violet lights are what can kill these droplets so if they are hidden from that then they can stay alive for a very long time. These droplets are so small that our surgical masks can not even protect us only N95 or HEPA masks can stop the droplet nuclei. If inhaled it will go straight to your alveoli in your lungs. Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis may or may not present, most people who get infected have no symptoms. If someone was to present with signs and symptoms the would show loss of muscle, severe unintentional weight loss and other flu like symptoms. They may experience
3 some pain if so it can occur while breathing or be pain in the chest area. The body may become cool, clammy, and diaphoretic. Breathing may show signs of dyspnea. Traveling history is always good to get when you suspect a patient might have TB that way you can also add that to your labs and other tests. Two methods for detecting M. tb infection: TB skin test and TB blood test. The TB skin test is completed by inserting a small quantity of fluid called tuberculin underneath the skin of the lower part of the arm. After 48 to 72 hours of

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