Chapter 42531*P42.39In the ground state of sodium, the outermost electron is in an sstate. This state is sphericallysymmetric, so it generates no magnetic field by orbital motion, and has the same energy no matterwhether the electron is spin-up or spin-down. The energies of the states 3pAand 3pBabove 3sarehfhc1=λand hfhc22=.The energy difference is21112µλλBBhc=−FHGIKJsoBhcBFHGIKJ=×⋅×××−×FHGIKJ−−−−2663 103 102 9 27 101588 995 101589 592 103482499µλ λ....JsmsJTm mejejB=18 4. T .Section 42.8More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-rayP42.40(a)nm===300,,AA=−31101,,AAFor =−−3221012,,,,AA(b)ψ300corresponds to EZEn3002022221363605= −..afeV .ψψ31 1310311−,,have the same energy since nis the same.ψψψ32 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.