11-4 - Lecture 18 Urban Parks American park history Park typologies Current issues and future directions Parks and open spaces are intentional

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Lecture 18- Urban Parks American park history Park typologies Current issues and future directions Parks and open spaces are intentional insertions into urban form, desired for many different reasons and evolving with changing social, economic, environmental, and other concerns Park History: Park types evolve every 30-50 years to address pressing social and environmental problems o Pleasure Ground (1850-1900) o Reform Park (1900-1930) o Recreation Facility (1930-1965) o Open Space (1965-?) o Sustainable Park (1990-?) Our cities today have elements of all of the above: original parks were designed with certain ideas and have evolved to accommodate new ideas, new parks and open space added, new interpretations applied Positive Environmentalism, 1890s-1920s: o Housing Reform o Parks Movement o City Planning Aesthetic Considerations Picturesque- Beautiful 18 th and 19 th century debates on beauty (beautiful and sublime) Debate in garden design (beautiful and picturesque)
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course BUSINESS 101 taught by Professor Kean during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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11-4 - Lecture 18 Urban Parks American park history Park typologies Current issues and future directions Parks and open spaces are intentional

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