After the Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777

After the Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777

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After the Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, Franklin and  his co-commissioners negotiated with the French government for an alliance. On  January 28, they reported that France had donated several million livres–a hefty sum of  money–to the American cause. On February 6 they went even farther, signing a treaty of  alliance with France. This treaty was crucial. By itself America probably never could  have defeated Britain, but with France's financial and military help, it would only be a  matter of time before Britain gave up. This moment came in 1781. After being defeated by a combined French and American  force at the Battle of Yorktown, the British agreed to negotiate a peace treaty. Franklin  and four others (including John Adams and Thomas Jefferson) were appointed by  Congress to negotiate the peace. Franklin met with Richard Oswald, Britain's negotiator, 
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Unformatted text preview: from March to June 1782. At one point Franklin nearly convinced Oswald to agree to give Canada to the newly independent colonies. This deal fell through, however, when John Jay demanded that Britain recognize America's independence right away. Oswald and Franklin finally reached a deal in July of 1782. After months of further tinkering, the Americans signed the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783. This officially ended the Revolutionary War. After the treaty was formally ratified on May 12, 1784, Franklin asked to be sent home. He got permission in May 1785 and sailed home two months later. He was now seventy-nine, suffering from a bladder stone and gout, and eager to be free of politics once and for all. He was already older than just about any American alive, let alone any American as busy as he....
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course HIST 2320 taught by Professor Siegenthaler during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.

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