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Unformatted text preview: Benito Mussolini - Although Mussolini was originally a member of the Sot party, he abruptly turned nationalist during WWI, and rose to the rank of corporal in the Italian army. In the postwar period he and his followers practiced aggressive nationalism and practiced terrorism during times of unrest in Italy. He finally was asked by King Emmanuel III to form a cabinet. He quickly turned his role as premier into a fascist dictatorship, and organized the country along those lines. Mussolini's followers addressed him as "il Duce," or "leader." His ambition to restore Italy to its former glory was expressed in his instatement of monuments and support to extreme nationalist groups. His attack on Ethiopia led to Italy's isolation from the rest of Europe and drove Mussolini to join ranks with Hitler in his plans to annex Austria. His implementation of Hitler's anti-Semitic and other policies in Italy were not greeted with support and he was...
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course HIST 2320 taught by Professor Siegenthaler during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07