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Unformatted text preview: By the time of Galileo's youth, the Church was purging itself of the excesses of the Renaissancebut facing a crisis in the north. Martin Luther, a former monk, attacked Catholicism for having become too worldly and politically corrupt, and for obscuring the fundamentals of Christianity with pagan elements ranging from the cult of the saints to the adoration of the Virgin Mary. His reforming zeal, which appealed to a notion of an original, "purified" Christianity, set in motion the Protestant Reformation, which split European Christianity in two. In response, Roman Catholicism steeled itself for battle. The Catholic Counter-Reformation, called into being by the Council of Trent, emphasized orthodoxy and fidelity to the true Church. A new religious order, called the Jesuits, or Society of Jesus, arose to act upon these principles, and now stood at the...
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course HIST 2320 taught by Professor Siegenthaler during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07