During the last 15 to 20 years of his life, essentially from the time he was diagnosed with mouth cancer in 1923 onward, Freud's nurse and constant companion was his daughter, Anna. Anna Freud was the only one of Freud's children to follow in her father's footsteps. In 1923, she became a member of the Viennese Psychoanalytic Society. She remained an important figure in psychoanalysis after her father's death, becoming best known for her work on defense mechanisms (repression, projection, and so on) and the analysis of children.In 1930, Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents, a book in the same spirit as his earlier Totem and Taboo (1913), was published. In it, Freud attempted to use psychoanalysis to explain the origins and consequences of civilization. His major thesis was a pessimistic one. He argued that civilization could never be entirely comfortable for humanity, since
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