Early in May of 1935, businessmen speaking at the United States Chamber of Commerce, in their first collective and overt attack on Roosevelt's policies, denounced New Deal policies as restrictive to capitalism. The rich felt that Roosevelt was a traitor to his class, reacting to his leftist rhetoric rather than to his actual deeds in office. A few weeks later, on May 27, a day the New Dealers later called Black Monday, the Supreme Court declared the NRA and some other New Deal legislation to be unconstitutional, saying that Congress had exceeded its authority in creating codes for industries unrelated to interstate commerce. These failures goaded Roosevelt to push the next series of legislation through Congress, which he passed during the Second Hundred Days and which was later termed the Second New Deal. A number of long lasting acts came out of this second wave of legislation, among them the National Labor Relations
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