Even as Gandhi served to unify the Indian people

Even as Gandhi served to unify the Indian people -...

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Even as Gandhi served to unify the Indian people, his figure served to expose the  contradictions within the British position on the subcontinent. For while the members of  Gandhi's home-rule movement strengthened their arguments by pointing to the  oppression of the British Viceroys, those Viceroys attempting to quell the Gandhi  phenomenon in fact failed because of a policy not oppressive enough. Theirs was a  liberal empire in the end, and they were raised in a liberal tradition that prized freedom  of speech, of the press, and of assembly; thus they could not counter  satyagraha  and  stay true to themselves. Had Gandhi practiced  satyagraha  in, say, Stalin's Soviet Union  or Hitler's Germany–or had the British been willing to violate their own liberal principles  and imprison him for life, deport him, or even execute him–the struggle for  independence might have taken a dramatically different turn. But then, such a 
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