Galileo Galilei was born in the city of Pisa, in the northern Italian region of Tuscany, on February 15, 1564. His father was Vincenzo Galilei, an accomplished musician who worked as a wool trader in order to make enough to money to attain the aristocratic lifestyle desired by his wife, Giulia Ammananti. Galileo's mother came from a higher social station than her husband, and she has been described as a shrewish, demanding woman, ever resentful of Vincenzo's failure to rise above his lower-class origins. She seems to have harbored an abiding objection to his pursuit of music, but Vincenzo continued to experiment with his favored instrument, the lute, throughout Galileo's childhood, even as his wife gave birth to six more children. When Galileo was four, his
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