Roosevelt, after his election to a third term, created the lend-lease plan at the behest of Prime Minister Churchill. Newly reassured in the support of the American people, FDR returned to Washington after his vacation armed with a creative plan for continuing aid to Britain without violating the Neutrality Acts. He proposed that the United States lend or lease, rather than sell, needed munitions to Britain, who could no longer afford to pay for aid. The bill, which was the subject of fierce debate before its approval in Congress, allowed for the United States to aid the Allies with over $50 billion in goods and services by the end of the war. In August, Prime Minister Churchill and Roosevelt met formally for the first time in Newfoundland. Churchill graciously accepted his role as supplicant, calling FDR "Mr. President" while Roosevelt called him Winston.
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