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South Africa in those days consisted of four governmental units

South Africa in those days consisted of four governmental units

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South Africa in those days consisted of four governmental units–Natal, the Orange Free  State, the Transvaal, and the Cape Colony. The first and last of these were ruled by  Britain, but the Orange Free State and the Transvaal were independent republics, ruled  by Dutch settlers known as Boers, who had come to the region in the previous century  and had a long history of antagonism with the more powerful British. The Indian  population was concentrated in Natal, and consisted largely of unskilled laborers  working on sugar and coffee plantations. There was also a growing merchant class  within the community, however–made up largely of Muslims from India's west coast–  whose rapidly increasing numbers caused concern both to the Boers and the English  merchants. South Africa was already showing that tendency toward racist policies that 
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