The anti-Galilean powers in the Church now had their ammunition. In December 1614, a Dominican priest named Tommasso Caccini viciously condemned the astronomer in a sermon in the Florentine church of Santa Maria Novella. Caccini took as his text a verse in the New Testament 's Book of Acts, in which an angel asks Christ's disciples, "Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into the heavens?" The verse supplied an excellent pun on Galileo's name–the "men of Galilee" could be understood as the followers of Galileo–although it did not comment on astronomy. In Caccini's hands, however, the words became an assault on the new astronomy, which, he sermonized, ran completely contrary to Christian faith and sacred scripture. The sermon provoked a furor, and although Caccini's superiors in the Dominican order hastily repudiated his words, the damage was done. In mid-March of 1615, Caccini issued a formal complaint against
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