The persistence of Depression conditions through 1934 prompted opposition to FDR from both the right and the left. The American Liberty League, created in August 1934, represented right-wing opposition to FDR's extensions of the role and responsibility of American government. Powerful leftist demagogues, however, pressed FDR to extend the reach of the New Deal even further. Dr. Francis Townsend, who himself had lost most of his money in the stock market crash, advocated giving a $200 per month in pension for each elderly person–provided that they spend it by the end of the month–as a means of jumpstarting the economy. Among the anti-New Dealers, Senator Huey Long of Louisiana was the most notorious. Beginning in early 1934, he used his abilities on the stump to spread support for his "Share Our Wealth" program, in which each American family would get $5,000 at the expense of the rich. Long was assassinated in
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