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Unformatted text preview: The year of Gandhi's birth fell in the midst of the Victorian era, when the British Empire was approaching its apogee. A clever journalist had observed in 1817 that "the sun never sets upon the British flag," and by the latter half of the 19th century, that bold declaration was true. In addition to their vast domains in India, the British controlled both ends of the Mediterranean; they held key positions in the South Pacific at Malaya and Singapore; they dominated an entire continent with their hold on Australia and New Zealand; and they ruled the Dominion of Canada, which made up half of North America. In addition, during Gandhi's youth, British adventurers such as Cecil Rhodes were busy bringing most of Africa under Queen Victoria's rule as well. This vast realm was held together by a peculiar mixture of commercial greed, missionary zeal, and rivalry with other Europeanpean powers, along with the frequently...
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2011 for the course HIST 2320 taught by Professor Siegenthaler during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07