This philosophical clarity coexisted with intense spiritual turmoil, as Gandhi struggled to define his religious beliefs. It was during this period that Gandhi enjoyed a wonderful correspondence with a friend in Bombay named Raychandra, a highly educated, deeply religious Jain, with whom he discussed spiritual topics drawn from a range of traditions from Hinduism to Christianity. Raychandra, who read even more widely than Gandhi, led his friend to a deeper appreciation of the Hindu faith and scriptures, while at the same time he encouraged Gandhi in his quest to define his religious beliefs in terms of his own inner illumination, rather than an external dogma. In the end, Gandhi concluded that it was best to seek God within his own tradition, as a Hindu, even though other faiths might contain their own truths as well. On the political front, a last-minute petition drive failed to stop the passage of the Indian
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