Ch 7 PTSD%2c ASD%2c and DID %28compass%29

Ch 7 PTSD%2c ASD%2c and DID %28compass%29 - CHAPTERSEVEN...

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Dissociative Identity  Dissociative Identity  CHAPTER SEVEN CHAPTER SEVEN
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Overview Definitions of and reactions to traumatic  stress Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) criteria Epidemiology of PTSD Etiology of PTSD Treatment of PTSD Part 2: DID
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Disorder Definitions of and reactions to traumatic  stress Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) criteria Epidemiology of PTSD Etiology of PTSD Treatment of PTSD
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Traumatic Stress: Definition An event that involves  actual  or  threatened  death  or  serious injury   to  self  or  others  and  creates intense  feelings of fear,  helplessness, or horror Photo: Robinson Chavez , Washington Post
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Examples of Traumatic Stressors  rape, sexual abuse, DV  witnessing violent crimes  war  bombings  plane/car crashes  natural disasters How do we decide what’s  “traumatic”? Photo: Chao Soi Cheong, AP
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Trauma  event  checklist  from the  Clinician- Administered  PTSD Scale   CAPS
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Typical Symptoms Associated w/  Trauma Reexperiencing  Effortful Avoidance Arousal or anxiety  Dissociation
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Reexperiencing Distressing images or  thoughts of the incident  Terrifying dreams Repeated and intrusive  flashbacks  during which  the trauma is replayed  often at full emotional  intensity
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Avoidance Persistent avoidance  of stimuli  associated with the trauma This can also take the form of a  general numbing of  responsiveness
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Arousal or Anxiety Feelings of  restlessness and  agitation, anger and  irritability, and sleep  disturbances Exaggerated  startle  response
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Dissociation Disruption of normally  integrated mental  processes involved in  memory, consciousness,  identity, or perception Depersonalization Derealization Dissociative amnesia
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Disorder Definitions of and reactions to traumatic  stress Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) criteria Epidemiology of PTSD Etiology of PTSD Treatment of PTSD
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ASD Criteria Exposure to traumatic event  Similar symptoms to PTSD but symptoms  occur and last within 4 weeks of trauma Includes:  Dissociative symptoms  Reexperiencing trauma  Avoidance of reminders of trauma  Anxiety or arousal
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PTSD Criteria Exposure to traumatic event Reexperiencing of event Avoidance and numbing Increased arousal  Duration  >1 month Significant distress/impairment 
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course PSYC 238 taught by Professor Lyubansky during the Fall '11 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Ch 7 PTSD%2c ASD%2c and DID %28compass%29 - CHAPTERSEVEN...

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