Chapter 4 Classification of Maladaptive Behavior %28compass%29

Chapter 4 Classification of Maladaptive Behavior %28compass%29

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1 CHAPTER FOUR Classification of Maladaptive Behavior Before we start… Some quick points about the role of culture on psychological disorders
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2 Important Points about Psychological Disorders across Cultures Cultural factors influence all psychological disorders, at least to some degree No psychological disorder is considered to be entirely a result of culture Psychotic disorders are less influenced by cultural factors than are non-psychotic disorders The particular symptoms/manifestations of disorders are more likely to differ across cultures than is the existence of the disorder itself Now back to Classification
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3 What is classification? • Classification square4 subdividing or organizing a set of related objects • Animals, Historical Periods, and Music are subdivided and organized in various ways Why use a classification system? Benefit: a shared scientific language square4 facilitates description square4 aids treatment decisions, prognosis square4 facilitates research on etiology, treatment square4 facilitates 3 rd -party reimbursement
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4 • Concerns square4 stigmatization and marginalization square4 expectations for behavior may change as result square4 unrelated problems may be misattributed to diagnosis Why use a classification system? Rosenhan’s Study Describing Classification Systems 1 3 2 Stroke Heart Attack What do the items in each group have in common? COAL
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5 Categories vs. Dimensions • Categorical Approach square4 reflects a difference in kind or quality • Dimensional Approach square4 focuses on the amount of a particular characteristic an object possesses
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