Chapter 4 Classification of Maladaptive Behavior %28compass%29

Chapter 4 Classification of Maladaptive Behavior %28compass%29

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1 CHAPTER FOUR Classification of Maladaptive Behavior Before we start… Some quick points about the role of culture on psychological disorders
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2 Important Points about Psychological Disorders across Cultures • Cultural factors influence all psychological disorders, at least to some degree • No psychological disorder is considered to be entirely a result of culture • Psychotic disorders are less influenced by cultural factors than are non-psychotic disorders • The particular symptoms/manifestations of disorders are more likely to differ across cultures than is the existence of the disorder itself Now back to Classification
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3 What is classification? • Classification s subdividing or organizing a set of related objects • Animals, Historical Periods, and Music are subdivided and organized in various ways Why use a classification system? • Benefit: a shared scientific language s facilitates description s aids treatment decisions, prognosis s facilitates research on etiology, treatment s facilitates 3 rd -party reimbursement
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4 • Concerns s stigmatization and marginalization s expectations for behavior may change as result s unrelated problems may be misattributed to diagnosis Why use a classification system? Rosenhan’s Study Describing Classification Systems 1 3 2 Stroke Heart Attack What do the items in each group have in common? COAL
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5 Categories vs. Dimensions • Categorical Approach s reflects a difference in kind or quality • Dimensional Approach s focuses on the amount of a particular characteristic an object possesses H E
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2011 for the course PSYC 238 taught by Professor Lyubansky during the Fall '11 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Chapter 4 Classification of Maladaptive Behavior %28compass%29

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