Chapter_16_Childhood Disorders %28Compass%29

Chapter_16_Childhood Disorders %28Compass%29 -...

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CHAPTER SIXTEEN CHAPTER SIXTEEN Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders of Childhood of Childhood
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Childhood Disorders Childhood Disorders Childhood Psychopathology Overview Externalizing Disorders ADHD, ODD, CD Epidemiology Etiology Internalizing Disorders SAD Special topic: Childhood Depression
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Defining  Defining  Childhood Psychopathology Childhood Psychopathology Definitions of “normal” depend on age Classification of many childhood disorders rests on our knowledge of normal childhood behavior
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Childhood Disorders Childhood Disorders Internalizing Disorders experience of subjective distress; others often unaware of their difficulties Externalizing Disorders problems in conforming to expected norms; often causes problems for others
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Diagnosing Internalizing  Disorders:  Diagnosing Internalizing  Disorders:  Depression and Anxiety Depression and Anxiety Children  can be diagnosed with “adult” anxiety  disorders (e.g., MDD, OCD, GAD) Specific symptoms may differ from adults Some symptoms may be absent due to children’s  developmental differences Difficulty in obtaining reliable information due to  problems with self-reports
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Childhood Disorders:  Childhood Disorders:  Epidemiology Epidemiology Approximately 20% of children have a mental disorder Externalizing Disorders 10.3% Anxiety Disorders 13% Mood Disorders 6.2% Suicide=3 rd leading cause of death among teens Gender differences Boys are more likely to be in treatment than girls Referral differences between children and adults (Women more likely to be in treatment)
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Childhood Disorders Childhood Disorders Childhood psychopathology Externalizing Disorders ADHD, ODD, CD Epidemiology Etiology Internalizing Disorders SAD Special topic: Childhood Depression
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Externalizing Disorders: Externalizing Disorders: Key Features Key Features rule violations negativity, anger & aggression impulsivity hyperactivity deficits in attention
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Diagnosing Externalizing  Diagnosing Externalizing  Disorders Disorders DSM-IV-TR divides externalizing disorders into three major subtypes: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) Conduct disorder (CD)
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ADHD Diagnostic Criteria ADHD Diagnostic Criteria Key features: hyperactivity, attention deficit and impulsivity symptoms begin before age 7 (although research suggests onset may occur up to age 12) 6 of 9 DSM-IV symptoms for 6 months symptoms visible across settings Three subtypes in the DSM-IV Predominantly Inattentive Type Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type Combined Type
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Inattention (Executive Functioning?) Inattention (Executive Functioning?) ADHD results in poor persistence toward goals/tasks
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Chapter_16_Childhood Disorders %28Compass%29 -...

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