Session_2_-_Brief_History_of_the_Structure_of_Public_Education-Fall_2011

Session_2_-_Brief_History_of_the_Structure_of_Public_Education-Fall_2011

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Unformatted text preview: BRIEF HISTORY OF THE STRUCTURE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION EOL 440 – Session 2 Fall 2011 Dr. Ali Lewis The Original Purpose of Public Education in the United States • 1630 – Puritans & Congregationalists create free public school system in America • Purely for religious indoctrination • 1647­Old Deluder Satan Law Boston Latin High School Boston Latin School Current Mission Statement Activity: • Groups of FIVE (5) ▫ Principal ▫ Fine Arts/Electives Teacher ▫ “Core” Area Teacher ▫ Parent ▫ Student • Make a mission statement for a school. • Share your mission statements. • What do you have in common with your statements? What is different? What is edgy? What is left out? 1780 – First Evolutionary Leap of Public Education • Elementary and secondary school ▫ Compulsory in some states ▫ Practical (not just religious indoctrination) • Change in purpose ▫ From a body of religious scholars and ministers ▫ To a body of moral, loyal and productive citizens of the country • While some African Americans achieved literacy, southern states prohibited schooling to slaves Early 19th Century – The Second Great Leap Forward • Industrial Revolution leads to more urbanization • Public education is less uniform throughout the country, disparities exists • HORACE MANN – Father of Modern Public Ed ▫ Schools created a common set of beliefs ▫ Schools must be free and overseen by the state ▫ Teacher training became professional and uniform Early 19th Century – The Second Great Leap Forward (cont’d) • 1837 – State Board of Education members form in Massachusetts • Normalize school system • Extended compulsory school age to 16 years old • Higher pay for teachers • Broader school curriculum The Evolution Continues: 20th Century • Child Labor Laws enacted and enforced • American Federation of Teachers formed ▫ Improved salaries ▫ Improved working conditions • More literate and “media” rich nation ▫ Newspapers ▫ Magazines ▫ Radios and TVs October 4, 1957 ­ Sputnik • Story of Sputnik­NPR The New Millennium What do you think is different or the same in our mission/purporse of public education today? 6 Purposes of Public Education • To prepare children for citizenship • To cultivate a skilled workforce • To teach cultural literacy • To prepare students for college • To help students become critical thinkers • To help students compete in a global marketplace • Your thoughts from last week and this week? Dr. Molefi Asante Professor, Department of African American Studies at Temple University • To foster inquiry, realizing all cultures contribute to knowledge. • Dr. Asante "purpose of schooling" • (33 sec—2:00 mark) Class Response Questions: 1) How do the mission statements of your high/middle school reflect these goals? 2) Who decides the goals and for whom? 3) What makes the most sense for you to focus on as a future teacher? Reflection Due 9/9: • We talked about six purposes of public education toward the end of the last class period. What do we need to add? Why? What do we need to take out? Why? What is the reality in public schools today? Refer back to Dr. Asante’s ideas. ...
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Session_2_-_Brief_History_of_the_Structure_of_Public_Education-Fall_2011

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